John’s Day
St. John’s Day (24.06) finished the spring works. The dung also had to be delivered by St. John. After St. John’s Day the haymaking season began. The tradition of making St. John’s fire is still practised. St. John’s Day was a holiday for those tending the cattle and the rest of the household also finished working by noon. Many magical customs and future forecasts are related to midsummer’s night. It was generally believed that rain was good for the crops before St. John’s Day, but bad after this day. When it rained on St. John’s Day, Northern Estonia thought that it was beneficial, but Southern Estonia feared that harvesting crops would also be rainy. In general, the weather on St. John’s Day was thought to correspond to Christmas time. If the cuckoo stopped singing before St. John’s, winter would arrive early. "The number of days the cuckoo calls after St. John’s Day corresponds to the number of warm weeks after St. Michael’s Day." The reduction in the milk amount that the cows gave was also calculated from St. John’s Day: St. John would take a bowl, St. James another, and St. Lawrence would throw the bowl into the loft!

Johannes, Johan, Juhan, JUho, Jaan, Jan, Janek, Janno, Jukk, Juss, Hannes, Annes, Hans ja Ants

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17-th day of moon cycle
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